Posts tagged history
Posts tagged history
Opha Mae Johnson 1900- 1976
In 1918, Opha Mae Johnson became the first woman to enlist in the United States Marines. She was the first of 305 women to sign up that day in WWI, they were allowed to enlist but not allowed in active war zones. The women were recruited to take up stateside clerical duties because so many people were being sent overseas. It was not until the 1940s, that women would be allowed to serve in war zones.
The first Navy flight nurse on Iwo Jima (6 March 1945) and later Okinawa (6 April 1945), ENS Jane Kendeigh, NC, USNR
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk Shark Mouth
USS Valley Forge, 1951
October 14, 1947: Chuck Yeager Breaks the Sound Barrier
On this day in 1947, American test pilot and U.S. Air Force Officer Charles “Chuck” Yeager broke the sound barrier becoming the first man to exceed the speed of sound. Yeager flew “Glamorous Glennis,” the X-1 experimental aircraft, to an altitude of 40,000 feet at approximately 662 miles per hour.
Test your knowledge with NOVA’s “Sonic Boom Basics” to learn more about Charles Yeager’s record and the speed of sound.
Photo: Chuck Yeager with Bell X-1 (Wikimedia Commons).
Hunefer’s Judgement in the presence of Osiris, Book of the Dead, 19th Dynasty, New Kingdom, c. 1275 B.C.E. Papyrus, Thebes, Egypt. British Museum
Hadrian’s Wall. Roman emperor Hadrian (76-138 AD) had a fortified wall built across Roman Britain. The government organization English Heritage describes it as "the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain."
Restored sandstone fragments found in Jarrow (dating to 118/119) record that it was the wish of Hadrian to keep "intact the empire," which had been imposed upon him via “divine instruction.”
The most famous and thoroughly explored frontier system created by the Roman army. Construction of the wall began in AD 122 on the instructions of the Emperor Hadrian while on a visit to the province; it was completed in about AD 133. Various kinds of construction are represented along its length, but the basic idea was a stone wall punctuated at intervals of a Roman mile by small forts with turrets in between. Larger forts lay at intervals. The purpose of the wall was to control the movement of people in and out of the empire, and to counter localized threats and uprisings. Hadrian’s Wall was abandoned between AD 140 and Ad 163 when the frontier moved north to the Antonine Wall, but otherwise it remained in place throughout the Roman occupation of Britain.
Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology, Timothy Darvill.
Photos courtesy & taken by Bill Hails.
The Month of December
England (before 1150)
Illuminated Manuscript (Psalter)
Page height: 279 mm.
Page width: 220 mm.
Monastery of Gellone, England.
The Image of the Black in Western Art Research Project and Photo Archive, W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, Harvard University
Why should you cast your vote for Executive Order 9981 to be displayed first?
More than one million African American men—and thousands of African American women—served in the U.S. military in segregated units across the globe during World War II.
President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order (EO) 9981 on July 26, 1948.
The Executive Order stated that it was “essential that there be maintained in the armed service of the United States the highest standards of democracy.” These standards included “equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.”
Read more about what led President Truman—grandchild of slave owners—to sign this order on the Prologue blog.
Image: “Seeking to rescue a Marine who was drowning in the surf at Iwo Jima, this sextet of Negro soldiers narrowly missed death themselves when their amphibian truck was swamped by heavy seas. From left to right, back row, they are T/5 L. C. Carter, Jr., Private John Bonner, Jr., Staff Sergeant Charles R. Johnson. Standing, from left to right, are T/5 A. B. Randle, T/5 Homer H. Gaines, and Private Willie Tellie”, 03/11/1945
Image: Pages one and two of EO 9981
Image: President Harry S. Truman (front row, fifth from right) and Secretary of the Army Frank Pace (front row, fourth from right) with members of the integrated 82nd Airborne in the Rose Garden behind the White House in February, 1951. (Truman Presidential Library, 63-1162-05)